Rule 701. Opinion Testimony by Lay Witnesses


If a witness is not testifying as an expert, testimony in the form of an opinion is limited to one that is:


(a)      rationally based on the witness’s perception;


(b)      helpful to clearly understanding the witness’s testimony or to determining a fact in issue; and


(c)      not based on scientific, technical, or other specialized knowledge within the scope of Rule 702.



2011 Advisory Committee Note. – The language of this rule has been amended as part of the restyling of the Evidence Rules to make them more easily understood and to make style and terminology consistent throughout the rules. These changes are intended to be stylistic only. There is no intent to change any result in any ruling on evidence admissibility. This rule is the federal rule, verbatim.