Rule 14-605. Imposition of sanctions.

Absent aggravating or mitigating circumstances, upon application of the factors set out in Rule 14-604, the following sanctions are generally appropriate.

(a) Disbarment. Disbarment is generally appropriate when a lawyer:

(a)(1) knowingly engages in professional misconduct as defined in Rule 8.4(a), (d), (e), or (f) of the Rules of Professional Conduct with the intent to benefit the lawyer or another or to deceive the court, and causes serious or potentially serious injury to a party, the public, or the legal system, or causes serious or potentially serious interference with a legal proceeding; or

(a)(2) engages in serious criminal conduct, a necessary element of which includes intentional interference with the administration of justice, false swearing, misrepresentation, fraud, extortion, misappropriation, or theft; or the sale, distribution, or importation of controlled substances; or the intentional killing of another; or an attempt or conspiracy or solicitation of another to commit any of these offenses; or

(a)(3) engages in any other intentional misconduct involving dishonesty, fraud, deceit, or misrepresentation that seriously adversely reflects on the lawyer's fitness to practice law.

(b) Suspension. Suspension is generally appropriate when a lawyer:

(b)(1) knowingly engages in professional misconduct as defined in Rule 8.4(a), (d), (e), or (f) of the Rules of Professional Conduct and causes injury or potential injury to a party, the public, or the legal system, or causes interference or potential interference with a legal proceeding; or

(b)(2) engages in criminal conduct that does not contain the elements listed in Rule 14-605(a)(2) but nevertheless seriously adversely reflects on the lawyer's fitness to practice law.

(c) Reprimand. Reprimand is generally appropriate when a lawyer:

(c)(1) negligently engages in professional misconduct as defined in Rule 8.4(a), (d), (e), or (f) of the Rules of Professional Conduct and causes injury to a party, the public, or the legal system, or causes interference with a legal proceeding; or

(c)(2) engages in any other misconduct that involves dishonesty, fraud, deceit, or misrepresentation and that adversely reflects on the lawyer's fitness to practice law.

(d) Admonition. Admonition is generally appropriate when a lawyer:

(d)(1) negligently engages in professional misconduct as defined in Rule 8.4(a), (d), (e), or (f) of the Rules of Professional Conduct and causes little or no injury to a party, the public, or the legal system or interference with a legal proceeding, but exposes a party, the public, or the legal system to potential injury or causes potential interference with a legal proceeding; or

(d)(2) engages in any professional misconduct not otherwise identified in this rule that adversely reflects on the lawyer's fitness to practice law.