How to Become a Court Interpreter


What is the Court Interpreter's Role?

A Court Interpreter is a person who interprets orally from English to another language and vice versa in a court hearing. Interpreters also translate written documents.

To interpret means to provide the same meaning in the target language as the meaning in the source language. The interpreter's role is to render a complete and accurate interpretation or translation, without changing, omitting, or adding anything to what is said or written. In essence, the interpreter serves as a two-way bridge between those who speak English and those who do not.

It is not the interpreter's role to explain what is being said. It is not the interpreter's role to give advice or counsel or to provide services other than interpreting from one language to another.


What Skills Must a Court Interpreter Have?

Court interpreting requires extensive knowledge and skill in languages, and is a very demanding job. Being bilingual is not enough. Even people who are fluent in two languages often do not have a sufficient command of both languages, sufficient legal and technical vocabulary in both languages, and sufficient interpreting skill to interpret in a courtroom.

The level of expertise required for court interpreting is much greater than that required in everyday conversation. In addition to having a thorough command of English and the other language, a Court Interpreter must be able to deal with technical and specialized language. A Court Interpreter must be able to interpret accurately for individuals with a high level of education and a large vocabulary, as well as for people with very limited language skills, without changing the language register of the speaker. The interpreter must also possess excellent mental skills, including the ability to accurately convert the source language into the target language, and vice versa, often with only an instant to choose equivalent words and phrases.

A Court Interpreter must also have good public speaking and interpersonal skills. If the testimony to be interpreted is shocking or traumatic, the Court Interpreter must be able to interpret without reacting or becoming emotionally involved. The Court Interpreter must work well under pressure and react quickly to solve complex linguistic and ethical problems. A Court Interpreter must continually strive to improve his or her skills by reading from a wide variety of sources, researching new terms and concepts, and improving techniques.


Court Interpreter Credentials

From their highest to lowest qualifications, Utah Court Interpreters are credentialed as:

  • Certified: Our most highly qualified interpreters. In addition to the basic requirements of an English written test, a test on the Interpreter Code of Professional Responsibility, a two-day orientation workshop a background check and 10 hours of observation, a certified interpreter has completed a five-day training course and passed a three-part examination on the modes of interpretation. A certified interpreter must be used unless one is not reasonably available.
  • Approved: Our next most qualified interpreters. In addition to the basic requirements of an English written test, a test on the Interpreter Code of Professional Responsibility, a two-day orientation workshop a background check and 10 hours of observation, an approved interpreter has passed an Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI).
  • Registered 1: Has completed the basic requirements of an English written test, a test on the Interpreter Code of Professional Responsibility, a two-day orientation workshop a background check and 10 hours of observation. There is no examination available in the language for certified or approved credentials.

Application Form

Most Court Interpreters are not court employees. They are appointed by the court to interpret hearings as needed. Anyone who wants to qualify as a Court Interpreter must first complete and submit an Application to Become a Court Interpreter (utahcip.wufoo.com).


Basic Steps for All Candidates

After submitting an application form, all candidates must also:

Candidates who complete these steps are classified as Registered 1 if they interpret in a language for which an Oral Proficiency Interview or Certification Examination is not available.


Background Check

The Administrative Office of the Courts conducts a background check, at no charge to the candidate, based on the identifying information provided by the candidate. If a candidate does not pass the background check, they may appeal the decision within 30 days to the Language Access Committee.


2-Day Orientation Workshop

A candidate must complete the 2-Day Orientation Workshop as part of the Basic Steps described above. The court offers this language-neutral training twice annually to help candidates understand the court interpreting profession.

The course is held at the Matheson Courthouse in Salt Lake City

  • Improves understanding of the skills and appropriate conduct required of professional court interpreters, and offers a basic orientation to courts and the justice environment.
  • Overview of organization and roles of related justice system agencies such as law enforcement, prosecutor, defense attorney, probation, children's social services.
  • Information on court procedures and how they differ for different case types.
  • Interpreter's role including the code of professional responsibility.
  • Overview of related settings to which the interpreter may be called, such as jails, hospitals, probation department, juvenile courts, detention centers, and mediations, etc.
  • Glossary of court system and legal terminology, emphasizing the characteristics of legal language (e.g., common words with uncommon meanings) and how to research terminology.
  • Self-study materials and tips.

Workshop Registration Form

Date of Workshop

Fee

Register No Later Than

Spring Orientation
Orientation Registration utahcip.wufoo.com)
March 12 & 13, 2015
8:00 am - 5:00 pm
$100 February 27, 2015
Fall Orientation
Orientation Registration utahcip.wufoo.com)
September 17 & 18, 2015
8:00 am - 5:00 pm
$100 September 4, 2015

Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI) to Become an Approved Court Interpreter

To become an Approved Court Interpreter, a candidate must complete the Basic Steps described above, and they must also take the Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI) offered by Language Testing International (LTI - www.languagetesting.com) and score a Superior rating (www.languagetesting.com).

A Superior rating (www.languagetesting.com) means that the candidate must demonstrate the ability to:

  • Speak the standard form of the language without using English or slang.
  • Speak the language formally, as well as informally, from both concrete and abstract perspectives.
  • Speak the language with a high level of accuracy and no pattern of error.
  • State and support a point of view in extended discourse on topics of personal and general interest.
  • Speculate and hypothesize about possible causes, outcomes, and/or occurrences in extended discourse.

A list of languages in which an Oral Proficiency Interview is available is on the LTI website, but it may be out of date. For the most current information, contact LTI. The cost of the OPI (subject to change without notice) is $143, paid by the candidate to Language Testing International. Pre-registration is required, and payment is due upon registration. To register for the OPI:

    1. Go to www.languagetesting.com

    2. Click on the link in the upper right hand corner: "Are you a client, test candidate or proctor?"

    3. Click on the link "Apply for a test"

    4. Setup an account

    5. Follow the links to apply for a test

    6. Once on the applications page, enter "Utah" in the search field to access the application

Once registered with LTI, the candidate can take the OPI from any state courthouse. Contact the Court Interpreter Coordinator at least 7 days before the scheduled test to make arrangements.


English Written Test

All candidates must pass an EnglishWritten Test provided by the National Center for State Courts The exam tests English skills in sentence completion and understanding of English synonyms, antonyms, and idioms. The fee is $25.00 and is non-refundable. To register for the test, complete and submit the following form:

2014 test dates are:

  • April 25
  • July 11
  • October 17

The registration deadline is 5:00 p.m. on the Friday before the test date. The test is administered at the following court locations:

Please call 801-578-3800 to pay the test fee or mail a check/money order to:

Administrative Office of the Courts
P.O. Box 140241
Salt Lake City, UT 84114-0241


Code of Professional Responsibility for Court Interpreters

All candidates must take and pass an examination on the Code of Professional Responsibility for Court Interpreters. There is no fee. It is approximately 20 multiple-choice questions on what is an appropriate action when confronted with an ethical situation. The candidate may schedule the exam with the interpreter coordinator in their district at any time. For contact information, see our webpage on List of Interpreter Coordinators.


In-court Observation

All candidates must complete 10 hours observing a Certified Court Interpreter. The candidate can complete this requirement with any Certified Court Interpreter. Most Certified Court Interpreters interpret in Spanish, but the candidate, regardless of language, is there to observe the participation of the interpreter in the court process, not to learn language or interpretation skills. The candidate should contact the interpreter coordinator in their district to schedule observation time and to receive a log sheet. For contact information, see our webpage on List of Interpreter Coordinators.


3-Day Skill building and 2-Day Advanced Skill building Workshops for Certification

  • Valuable component in passing the Certification Examination.
  • Complete immersion in the modes of interpretation.
  • Instructors observe and listen to participants as they practice the modes of interpretation.
  • Voice recorders make review and feedback possible.

Enrollment is limited to candidates who have completed the Basic Steps described above. To advance to the next workshop, the candidate must complete the one before it. Pre-registration is required, and fees are due upon registration.

Workshop Registration Form

Date of Workshop

Fee

Register No Later Than

Skill-building
(utahcip.wufoo.com)
April 22 - 24, 2015
8:00 am - 5:00 pm
$150 April 17, 2015
Advanced Skill-building
(utahcip.wufoo.com)
May 28 & 29, 2015
8:00 am - 5:00 pm
Included Included

The course alone is not enough to prepare most people to pass the examinations. The candidate should follow up with very intensive individual work. The National Center for State Courts (www.ncsc.org) website offers several training tools.


Examination to Become a Certified Court Interpreter

Certified Court Interpreters are the most highly trained and qualified interpreters. To become a Certified Court Interpreter, the candidate must complete the Basic Steps described above, they must attend the Skill Building Workshops described above, and they must also pass the Certification Examination which is provided to us by the National Center for State Courts (www.ncsc.org). For a current list of languages in which a Certification Examination is available, see the National Center for State Courts (www.ncsc.org) website. The website also has training tools and other information.

The Certification Examination is offered once per year on the dates, times and location on the registration form. The fee (subject to change without notice) is $200 for Utah residents and $400 for non-residents and is non-refundable. Pre-registration is required, and payment is due upon registration. To register for the Certification Examination, complete and submit the following form:

The exam consists of three parts—sight translation, simultaneous interpretation and consecutive interpretation—and the candidate must pass all three parts (minimum score 70%) within two years after passing one part. The entire three-part exam requires one hour, and candidates are scheduled for the exam on a first-come, first-served basis.


Continuing Requirements for Court Interpreters

All Court Interpreters must pass a background check every two years. Certified Court Interpreters must complete at least 16 hours of continuing education every two years. For more information, see our webpage on Continuing Education Requirements.


Interpreters from Other States

Utah recognizes comparable credentials from other states. Subject to compliance with the requirements in the next paragraph, an interpreter who has been rated as Superior on the Oral Proficiency Interview administered in another state will be recognized as an Approved Court Interpreter in Utah. And an interpreter who has passed the Certification Examination administered in another state with a score of at least 70% on all three parts will be recognized as a Certified Court Interpreter in Utah.

The candidate must complete the Utah Application to Become a Court Interpreter (utahcip.wufoo.com), pass the background check, and pass the examination on the Code of Professional Responsibility for Court Interpreters. The other Basic Steps are waived. Nevertheless, only interpreters residing in Utah will be listed on the official roster. To remain credentialed in Utah, Court Interpreters must meet the Continuing Requirements for Court Interpreters.


Interpreter Fees


Hourly Fees

  • Certified: $39.80
  • Approved: $34.11
  • Registered 1: $34.11
  • Registered 2: $25.57
  • Conditionally Approved: $18.57

Minimum Fees. Court Interpreters are paid for the time they interpret or a minimum fee based on the distance they travel, whichever is more:

Interpreters who travel at least this far (one way) from their home base or from their previous assignment:

Are paid for at least this much time:

0 miles 1 hour
25 miles 2 hours
50 miles 3 hours
75 miles 4 hours

For a more thorough description of fees, please see the Court Interpreter Section (Section 9) of the Court Accounting Manual.


Forms


Related Information


Page Last Modified: 10/1/2014
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