5th District Juvenile Court
The Purpose of Juvenile Court in the State of Utah
The Juvenile Court is established as a forum for the resolution of all matters properly brought before it, consistent with applicable constitutional and statutory requirements of due process. The purpose of the court is to promote public safety and individual accountability by the imposition of appropriate sanctions on persons who have committed acts in violation of the law. The Juvenile Court also promotes rehabilitation, re-education and treatment. This is accomplished by protecting the best interest of the minor and preserving and strengthening family ties where possible. The Juvenile Court is a court of record. The Juvenile Court is of equal status with the district courts of the state.
Use the Links below to learn more about the Juvenile Court system and you.
Differences between Adult (District) and Juvenile Courts:
The Adult (District) Court focuses on punishment, whereas the Juvenile Court is focused on accountability, protection of the community and skill development.
In the Adult (District) Court all court hearings are open to the public. In Juvenile Court, the hearings are closed to the public, except for delinquency cases in which the offense would be considered a felony if committed by an adult and the juvenile is 14 years of age or older. The Juvenile Court can order any hearing closed to the public based upon findings on the record for good cause shown.
In the Adult (District) Court an individual may have the opportunity to post bail. In the Juvenile Court first time alcohol and tobacco offenses may be bailed. A youth arrested in Utah from another state, may post bail.
In the Adult (District) Court individuals have the right to a trial by jury. Juvenile Court cases are heard only by a judge.
In the Adult (District) Court an individual may be placed on probation after having been found guilty of a crime by a judge or jury. In Juvenile Court a minor will normally see an intake probation officer prior to appearing before the Court. A minor may be placed on formal probation after being adjudicated delinquent by the Court. The Court considers the seriousness of current charges and prior court history and recommendations of the probation officer in determining sentencing options.
Additional Web links Relating to Juvenile Justice
- When and how Juvenile Justice began: (ncjrs.org)
Early in U.S. history, children who broke the law were treated the same as adult criminals
- Justice for Kids & Youth (usdoj.gov)
- Utah Department of Human Services (hsdcfs.state.ut.us)
- Washington County UT official home page (washco.state.ut.us)
- Beaver County homepage (utahreach.usu.edu)
- Office of Recovery Services (ors.state.ut.us)
- State of Utah Official Web Page (utah.gov)
- Utah State Courts Website